The Catalonia Institute for Energy Research (IREC) was created on July 2008 and began its activities in January 2009. It is composed by 100 employees. Its mission is to become a Centre of excellence and an international benchmark organization in the energy sector, through research, technology development and innovation. The goal of its research activity is to contribute to the sustainable development of society and greater corporate competitiveness. Bearing in mind the principles that motivated the Institute’s creation, IREC has established a framework of reference based on scientific research, technology development and innovation.
The Institute has organized this knowledge into a research area on “Advanced Materials for Energy” and a Technology area on “Energy Efficiency: Systems, Communities and Buildings”. Each area has its own specialized research groups, responding to contemporary challenges in innovative research and technological development. The strategy of the Institute is based on the right balance between these activities, with a strong emphasis on the transfer of the research and development results towards industry. Two research groups from IREC are involved in this project: The Solar Energy Materials and Systems (SEMS) Group and the Thermal Energy and Building Performance (TEBP) Group.
The SEMS group belongs to the Area of Advanced Materials for Energy of IREC. The Group has a strong know-how and experience in the development and advanced characterization of emerging thin film, photovoltaic technologies, including sustainable technologies free of critical raw materials (CRM), as well as new device concepts for advanced device functionality as innovative transparent contacts for thin film inorganic transparent and bifacial devices. IREC-SEMS constitutes one of the reference groups at world level on the development of CRM-free PV technologies, being one of the three leading European groups reporting the highest CRM-free chalcogenide-based efficiencies without the use of hazardous compounds.
Main role of the IREC-SEMS group in Tech4Win will be centred in the development of the top UV cell (WP3) using wide band gap based oxides strongly related to chalcogenides as those from the ZnO and Zn(O,S) systems, as well as in the transfer of the processes stablished for the development and implementation of medium size window prototypes, using the know-how and infrastructure available in the group in the development of innovative thin film PV concepts and devices.
The TEBP group belongs to the Area of Energy Efficiency: Systems, Buildings and Communities of IREC. The group has a strong expertise on the development of projects for Energy Efficiency in buildings based on the implementation of renewable energy sources as BIPV, with a special emphasis in software development for dynamic modelling of energy performance in buildings and indoor environmental quality (IEQ) assessment.
Main role of the IREC-TEBP group in Tech4Win will be centred in the coordination of WP4 devoted to the Multifunctional modelling of the devices and window solutions, being in charge of the modelling of the energy performance of the PV windows and their impact on the energy consumption and thermal comfort in typical buildings.
Contact Person: Prof. Dr. Alejandro Pérez-Rodríguez (firstname.lastname@example.org)
ONYX is a technology driven company founded in Ávila (Spain) by Mr. Álvaro Beltrán and Dr. Teodosio del Caño that develops cutting-edge smart building solutions for Building Integrated Photovoltaic’s (BIPV) to be used as building materials in façades, windows, roofs and skylights. These solutions consist in the replacement of conventional materials such as glass or ceramics for a material with photovoltaic properties, showing not only undeniable aesthetic value but also customized for each project, producing clean and free energy from the sun.
ONYX Multifunctional BIPV Solutions allow the entry of natural light, provide thermal and sound insulation, they filter out harmful radiation, produce clean and free energy thanks to solar power and feature an innovative, customized design which can be integrated into any type of building without limitations of color, pattern, transparency degree, thickness and size. All these solutions allow to the architect and the client to have a variety of designs for their projects depending on the needs required.
Nowadays Onyx Solar has offices in New York and Ávila. Due to its excellent performance in the BIPV sector it began to attract the interest of many investors so that in 2011, José Manuel Entrecanales (FJME), the Fides Group (Promotion of Innovation and Sustainable Development) Foundation and the National Innovation Company (ENISA) started to support the company financially. Subsequently, in February 2013, a capital increase by the FIDES Group occurs through Fides 1 and Fides 3. In December 2013, FIDES started to belong to the social capital of the company.
ONYX will be involved mainly in the design phase of the device and in the scalability of the final prototype as end-user leading WP5. In addition to this, ONYX will be the responsible of T1.3 Engagement of Energy Efficiency Pre-Certification and will assume the role of leader of WP7 Exploitation, Dissemination & IP.
Contact Person: Dr. Teodosio del Caño (email@example.com)
Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives (CEA) is a French research-and-technology organization with activities in energy, information technology, healthcare, defense and security. The Technical Research which is one of its divisions, focuses on creating value and innovation through technology transfer to its industrial partners. It employs 4,500 scientists and engineers including 300 Ph.D. students and 300 assignees from partner companies. The Technical Research Division owns more than 2,200 patent families. Amongst the Technical Research Division, the LITEN Institute (Lab. for Innovation in New Energy Technologies and Nanomaterials, 1000 people, 770 patents) is a major partner of fab to lab R&D with 350 collaborative research contracts running this year. The main topics of interest include:
· Technologies for electric vehicle transport (fuel cells, Li batteries, H2 production, biofuels…).
· Solar energy for building and automotive (Si-based and advanced organic or perovskite PV cells, electric and thermal systems, building integration…).
· High Technology industry (micro energy sources, organic electronic devices…).
It operates 8,000 m² of state-of-the-art clean room space on 200 mm and 300 mm wafer platforms. It employs 4,500 scientists and engineers including 300 Ph.D. students and 300 assignees from partner companies.
The Laboratory of Organic Modules within INES, the National institute for Solar Energy of CEA Liten institute will be involved in the Tech4Win project. This laboratory is implicated in the development of organic photovoltaics, from the optimisation of elaboration processes on glass and flexible substrates to the scaling up using industrially compatible technologies (sheet to sheet slot die and inkjet). Stability studies is also an important theme of research with appropriate facilities enable to measure PV parameters in various accelerated climatic conditions and the development of home-made technics particularly in the field of gas barrier and encapsulation characterization.
Moreover, CEA-Liten is conducting since 2010 LCAs (Life Cycle Analysis) on Liten’s New Energy Technologies and specific materials developed for these technologies. The objective of this activity in Liten is to position the technologies developed in relation to their competitors and to guide the choice of R&D in the direction of the most virtuous possible technologies in terms of their environmental impact and in a global eco-design approach. The development in LITEN of high performance materials for energy allow us to better understand environmental impacts linked to the production and use of special materials invested in the NTE (new alloys, nanomaterials …) but also to consider the end of life via our R&D on the 2nd life and recycling.
CEA will participate to the WP1 – Requirements, Specifications & Standards: Device design & CR, concerning the IR OPV modules. CEA will be the leader of WP2, IR cell development for device optimization, which will enclose the test of new IR polymers developed by ADVENT, the optimization of the IR cells up to 5×5 cm2 modules, to the transfer to ARMOR.
CEA will furnish IR OPV modules up to 5×5 cm² to be tested in the WP5, Prototype implementation & demonstration.
CEA will study the full life cycle environmental impact of the project’s technology in WP6, Circular Economy & Industrial scalability, First, it will collect necessary data and model the environmental impact of its production. Then CEA will take into account its use profile. To complete the Life Cycle Assessment, an end-of-life scenario integrating the recycling will be modelled. Finally, a comparison of the environmental impacts of the state-of-art product at t0 with the project’s solution at tf will be conducted to conclude on the overall environmental benefits of the project. Furthermore, in WP7, CEA will participate to the dissemination activities.
Contact Person: Dr. Noella Lamaitre (firstname.lastname@example.org)
IMEC is active in world class research on nano-electronics and nanotechnology. IMEC’s research is focusing on renewable energy, improved health care, smart electronics, and safer transport. The PV activity is developing low cost, scalable and high efficiency solar cell technologies, and the key areas of attention are thin-film solar cells (in the frame of Solliance) and silicon-based solar cells.
This research is using the vast know-how of IMEC on semiconductor physics, processing and analysis. The Thin-Film PV group has a track record of over 15 years. It started in the field of organic solar cells but has now its main activities based on chalcogenide and perovskite thin film solar cells. In the case of chalcogenide thin film solar cells, the group is focusing on the development of novel high band-gap materials (for future application in high efficiency and low cost tandem PV devices) and advanced solar cell designs (based on optimized silicon solar cell designs).
World record solar cell efficiencies have been obtained in the case of high band gap kesterite (Cu2ZnGe(S,Se)4), and also other materials are developed to state-of-the-art level (e.g. Cu8Si(S,Se)6, CuGaSe2, and Cu(In,Ga)S2). In addition, the group also works on the improvement of the standard one-dimensional thin film solar cell design (to enhance efficiency, cost and stability). Therefore, advanced three-dimensional thin film solar cell concepts are developed, consisting of surface passivation layers and light management methods integrated into ultra-thin solar cells.
IMEC will be involved mainly in the development phase of multifunctional coatings with UV filter and UV selective PV functionalities leading WP3. In this WP, IMEC will develop all the different material using a low-cost two step approach. Furthermore, IMEC will participate in WP5 (upscaling of the sputtering based processes) and WP7 & WP8.
Contact Person: Prof. Dr. Bart Vermang (email@example.com)
IK4-TEKNIKER is a technological centre legally constituted in 1981 as a private not-for-profit foundation focused on enhancing the innovative capabilities of their customers and furthering their technological capital to be more competitive, although in a sustainable manner, by producing and applying scientific & technical knowledge. It employs 268 researchers and has a turnover of over 24.5 M€. Besides, IK4-Tekniker is part of the IK4 Research Alliance that comprises seven technological centres with the objective of bringing resources together to reach greater levels of technological-scientific excellence within the Basque System of Innovation.
In line with its missions and origins, IK4-TEKNIKER not only provides companies with technological support, but is also involved in generating new business initiatives, which are usually technological and often «spin offs» of the centre itself. Since the early nineties, IK4-TEKNIKER has been involved in setting up around twenty new business initiatives to a greater or lesser extent. Most of these initiatives were in the industrial sector.
IK4-TEKNIKER is specialized in mechatronic systems, industrial maintenance, automatization and industrial robotics, inspection and measuring, multifunctional surface, sensors devices and innovation and competitive intelligence. IK4-TEKNIKER brings together its skills and technologies and focused them on the market, applying them to diverse and key industrial sectors such as aeronautics and space, automobile sector, biomedicine, renewable energy, industry of the science, infrastructure, machine tools and manufacturing, E-Health and social Technology.
The Surface Physics and Materials unit of IK4-TEKNIKER involved in the Tech4Win project, has been working on physical vapor deposition technology for more than 25 years on developing and optimization of innovative coatings with a wide range of applications: optical coatings (any kind of filters and active coating for energy generation), hard coating and tribological coating, decorative coatings. Its experience also covers the design and building of coating equipment. In this project, facilities include 9 physical vapor deposition equipment covering lab scale developments and industrial scale developments. IK4-TEKNIKER has a broad experience in large funded projects. It has participated in more than 229 European projects since FP2 coordinating more than 50 projects.
IK4-TEKNIKER will be the leader of the WP1 comprising the definition of the product specifications according to client needs and standards. IK4-TEKNIKER will lead the activities regarding the design and development of the optical management part of the system to improve final efficiency of the cells and aesthetic aspect of the window. The wide experience of IK4-TEKNIKER in designing and developing magnetron sputtering optical layers will be used to optimize the different filters of the Tech4Win window. TEKNIKER will work on the integration of this part of the system with the whole window and on the fabrication of the window prototypes.
Besides IK4-TEKNIKER has sputtering equipment to scale up any sputtering layer developed within project.
Contact Person: Dr. Eva Gutiérrez Berasategui (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Since its creation in 1922 in Nantes, ARMOR has been a forerunner in printing inks, its core business. ARMOR is one of the first companies to manufacture carbon film (1925), then to launch the tape cassettes for typewriters (1945) then for printers (1980).
In 1983 ARMOR mutates and embarks on the Thermal Transfer technology, which it introduces in Europe.
In 2016, ARMOR’s turnover is € 245 million, of which 80% is exported. The company employs around 1,800 people worldwide (700 in France) at 8 production sites. It is established all over the world: Africa, America, Asia and Europe. ARMOR is the world leader in Thermal Transfer (77% of sales) and the European leader in office supplies (remanufacturing ink cartridges).
The Thermal Transfer Division develops and manufactures rolls for Thermal Transfer printing. This technology is the most widely used in the world for marking barcodes, logos, expiry dates or lot numbers on labels or flexible packaging. ARMOR has a very strong technical and industrial mastery of ink formulation and coating processes on thin films by roll-to-roll processes. This know-how is grouped on the Industrial Competence Center Thermal Transfer at La Chevrolière (44). This French industrial site is the only production center for ARMOR’s thermal transfer inks worldwide. It brings together skills related to R & D, Industrialization, Production, Robotics, IT, Logistics, Quality, Hygiene Safety and Environment, Human Resources and Purchasing. It is at the heart of this cluster that the «Renewable Energies» branch is developing. In 2010, ARMOR launched a new activity called ASE (Armor Sustainable Energy), specifically on the market for organic photovoltaic solar films (OPV) and energy storage devices (current collectors for batteries and supercapacitors). On the OPV part, since 2010, ARMOR has structured a team, now composed of 35 people and organized into complementary skill blocks.
The main feature of the OPV is its ability to implement by rotary processes (R2R), which opens up prospects for mass production and low cost, which should allow these technologies to spread widely. OPV cells, mainly composed of organic chemical compounds (carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen, etc.) such as polymers, also have the following advantages:
· Low manufacturing cost (process, energy, raw materials), which makes it possible to envisage cells costing only 25% of that of silicon technologies.
· Lightness: up to 30 times lighter than current rigid panels.
· Flexibility: proven windability up to 50,000 cycles on a 50mm diameter cylinder.
· Eco-responsibility: resulting from a low-energy process, a few months allow to produce a quantity of energy equivalent to that which was necessary for its production (result from an internal ACV ARMOR on nomadic solar charger) and recoverable energetically at the end of life.
· Adaptability: both dimensional and in the face of high temperatures.
· Semi-transparency: the processes developed and industrialized at ARMOR today make it possible to manufacture modules up to 30% transparency.
· Design and manufacturing in France: a technology designed and industrialized by the teams of industrial skills cluster located on the outskirts of Nantes.
These properties make it possible to consider their use in applications for which silicon is not suitable, such as consumer electronics, or for integration into flexible products for building or leisure. In January 2017, the organic photovoltaic film production line is operational, and ARMOR has started marketing first products incorporating these ultra-light, flexible and low-carbon solar panels. This production line is sized to allow coatings up to 600mm wide and has an annual capacity of about 1 million m². More information will be available on www.asca.com and www.armor-group.com.
ARMOR will be the leader of WP6, which will enclose circular Economy strategies (Eco-design, eco-friendly materials, recycling) and industrial scalability of developed technological solutions, and active participant of WP2, regarding the development of IR structure. As a leader in Roll to Roll coating, mainly for thermal transfer consumables, ARMOR is well established as a printing industrial. ARMOR has been developing OPV for 8 years, with the implementation of 2 roll to roll equipment, the main one having the capacity to coat 1million sqm devices of 600mm width. OPV production began early 2017, and the scale-up of various OPV structures have been successfully realized from lab to industrial coater. For this project, ARMOR knowledge regarding OPV scale-up will ensure that the IR structures developed on WP2 are fully adapted for industrial transfer. The chosen materials will be tested at different scales, from spin coating in glove box to doctor blade, to R2R in air. ARMOR will ensure the scalability in air, making doctor blade devices, and R2R modules. ARMOR will also provide OPV modules from the beginning of the project, to ensure that integrators can make first integration tests before the transparent structures are fully developed. Furthermore, during WP5, ARMOR will lead the T5.1 Upscaling Processes for “S” to “M” formats. The IR selective modules will be up-scaled within the RtR multicoating lines available at ARMOR, with all printed layers, and following a two steps approach. ARMOR led various projects to ensure the recyclability of its materials, both for thermal transfer and OPV activities. Today CSR (solid fuels for recovery) is widely used in Armor for energy upgrading, and silver wastes from OPV activities is recycled. Full life cycle analysis has already been realized within ARMOR regarding flexible OPV structures, which will be helpful for the realization of WP6. Contact Person: Dr. Melanie Bertrand (email@example.com)
ADVENT TECHNOLOGIES S.A. (AT) develops new materials and systems for renewable energy technologies, such as plastic photovoltaics and high temperature PEM fuel cells. The Company, founded by researchers from the Foundation for Research & Technology-Hellas (FORTH-ICEHT) and the University of Patras, is a spin-off operation from these two academic institutions and is funded by financial institutional investors (Connecticut Innovations, Piraeus Capital Management, Dolphin Capital PLC), industrial partners (Systems Sunlight S.A., Velti PLC, ILPRA S.A) as well as angel investors. The activity in plastic photovoltaics and related materials goes back to 2001 where the cofounders of Advent were engaged in an R&D contract activity from University of Patras and FORTH/ICEHT with the world industry leader Konarka Technologies of Lowell, MA. Regarding the R&D activity in relationship to government grants and contracts, the Company is the recipient of 11 competitive R&D grants during the last few years, a testament to the excellent level of the cofounders and the scientific personnel of the Company. The competitive R&D grants are in the area of plastic photovoltaics, fuel cells and catalysts.
ADVENT will be the leader of Task 2.1 in Work Package 2 “IR cell development for device optimisation” comprising the design and synthesis of new high performance conjugated polymers acting as electron donor components in bulk heterojunction (BHJ) solar cells. ADVENT has all the necessary infrastructure (please see below) to perform the development of new polymeric semiconductors by standard organic synthesis reactions, purification steps and Stille cross coupling polycondensation reactions that when combined with fullerene or non-fullerene acceptors to improve simultaneously the power conversion efficiency (PCE), transparency and stability.
Contact Person: Dr. Christos Chochos (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Kenosistec SRL, recently incorporated in the ATT sub-holding of Angelantoni Industrie Group, producing Sputtering and Etching equipment (thin film deposition technology) was born in October 2005 from the merging of Sistec, one of the Angelantoni Group companies, and Kenotec in Milan.
The similarity of the productions and of the working processes made the hypothesis of merging more and more concrete with the purpose of creating critical mass in the market and developing synergies able to make it leader. The involved application fields are: electronic, automotive, manufacturing mechanic, energy, optic, textile, medical, sanitary.
The most important examples of applicative plasma are: coatings to increase the surface hardness of mechanical tools, surface treatments of plastic materials to increase the scratch resistance, textile treatments to reduce the permeability, sterilization of components used in medical field, cleaning and etching to produce high performances computers.
Sistec produced equipment for plasma technology useful for the deposition of nano-structured material on the surfaces, sputtering system, PECVD system and special equipment for thin film deposition.
Kenotec was a dynamic Italian company with more than two decades of experience in design, development and production of equipment for thin film deposition, in the treatment of pure gas mixtures and in the development of a sensor gas device testing system. Kenosistec co-operates with several partners: Caburn, Tfe, Heat Wave and Angelantoni Industrie.
To speak about Angelantoni Industrie means to outline the historic and economic profile of a company that has become leader in cooling technology and simulation testing. Its foundation, in 1932, happens in Milan when the “commendatore” Giuseppe Angelantoni, born in Massa Martana, after two years working as employee in the maintenance of the first cooling systems, founds his own company called “Frigoriferi Angelantoni”. In 1968 the company moves to Umbria and begins a growth process that makes it leader in cooling technology.
The Angelantoni Group is made up of 3 sub-holding companies and one subsidiary:
· Angelantoni Test Technologies (ATT).
· Angelantoni Life Science (ALS)
· Angelantoni CleanTech (ACT)
· Archimede Solar Energy (ASE)
Angelantoni is a diversified group with a strong international presence and production facilities in Italy, India, and China.
Angelantoni is a contributor of major innovations in the biomedical, testing, and clean technologies sectors, with a specific focus on the solar sector.
Due to his long experience, Kenosistec can design and manufacture tailor made systems with innovative solutions in vacuum process technology. Its technical staff has demonstrated a strong competence and expertise into key operations as:
- Original software development.
- Process development of thin film depositions via multiple techniques.
- Integration of different deposition techniques into the same deposition system.
- Full Hardware and Software integrations of instrumentation for process controlling (like Plasma Emission Monitor, Dual Beam Optical Monitor, Ellipsometry and Residual Gas Analyser) into the deposition system architecture.
- In WP1 will support the WP with the system specifications.
- In WP2 and WP3 will analyse the feasibility of the PVD/CVD processes at industrial scale .
- In WP5 will support the scalability of the window.
- In WP6 will analyse the industrial implementation of the developed systems and will be in charge of the design of an industrial sputtering equipment according to the sputtering process specifications defined in WP2, WP3 and WP5.
- In WP 7 as an industrial partner will contribute importantly to Exploitation & BP generation, and also in standardization, dissemination & communication activities
Contact Person: Dr. Stefano Perugini (email@example.com)